Tooth Decay Stages And Symptoms

tooth decay

One of the major causes of tooth-pain is tooth decay. Basically, tooth decay occurs when acid is produced thus, from plaque that builds-up on your teeth. In a case where the plaque is allowed to build-up, it can cause more problems like dental caries, gum disease or even dental abscesses.

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Tooth decay symptoms;

On instances, tooth decay might not cause any pain though, if it happens that you have dental carries the, you might experience these signs that include;

Toothache – It can either be a persistence pain that keeps you awake or even occasional sharp-pain.

Tooth Sensitivity – A feeling of tenderness or even pain while drinking or eating something cold, hot or even sweet, Experiencing an unpleasant taste in the mouth, Bad breath and An unpleasant taste in your mouth.

To avoid having tooth decay, always make it a habit to regularly visit your dentist so that any tooth-decay can be treated early as well as learn how to prevent tooth decay. However, it is much easier as well as cheaper to treat tooth decay in its early stages. Often, dentists identify tooth decays as well as further problems thus, with a simple examination and X-ray.

Tooth Decay Stages;

There are majorly six tooth decay stages which include;

Stage 1: White spots; The 1ST stage of tooth decay is characterized with chalky white areas on your tooth surface. This is as a result of loss of calcium as well as build-up of plaque. Often, the bacteria found in the plaque will then starts to metabolize sugar that come from the consumed food hence, a build-up that resulted from the acids will then cause your tooth enamel to deteriorate; a process known as demineralization thus, of the tooth surface.

With proper treatment, tooth decay might be reversible with the guidance ofa dental professional.

Stage 2: Enamel Decay; At this stage, your enamel will start breaking from underneath the surface of the tooth. The damage is already done at this stage on which, the natural remineralization process cannot restore the proper enamel as well as minerals thus; it will cause a formation of lesion within the tooth. While the decay continues; the surface of your tooth risks breaking off which is irreversible. Therefore, if your tooth breaks, it is advisable to immediately seek dental attention.

Stage 3: Dentin Decay; If your tooth is left untreated then the bacteria as well as acids will just continue to dissolve your enamel while the lesions risks reaching your dentin ( a part of tooth which exist between the enamel & pulp). The moment the decay finally moves to the dentin; you’ll experience sharp pain as the level of pain will start to intensify especially in the infected-tooth. To restore the tooth, a dental filling is the best alternative.

Stage 4: Involvement of the Pulp; The pulp is the center of the tooth. Often, pulp cells produce dentin and if your tooth’s pulp gets infected with bacteria. In turn, a pus will be formed that will kill the tooth blood-vessels as well as nerves. At this point, you’ll experience toothache that will cause constant pain. The most common treatment at this stage is root canal therapy.



Stage 5: This is the final stage to tooth decay. At this point, the infection probably has reached the root0tip of your tooth and the conjoining bones are at high risk of infection. It’s characterized by the swelling of the tongue and gums while, at sometimes it can even affect your speech as well as puts one at risk of other diseases. The most painful stage; additional oral surgery might be performed to help the situation.

Stage 6: If you fail to treat your tooth decay at each stage; you are likely to loss your tooth thus, it must be extracted due to too much toothache it cause.

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