Oral surgery tooth extraction is the removal of the tooth and the bone surrounding it, in other words, it is having the tooth pulled out.
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The process is carried out in cases like:
- Tooth decay
- chronic damage to the tooth for instance in advanced loose teeth periodontal disease (
- Presence of a tooth with unusual root morphology
- Removal of the tooth to enable orthodontic treatment
- Broken root tip, difficult to repair
Before undergoing the surgical procedures the patients should be alerted to the risks involved and the pain they might experience. Oral surgeons should carry out oral surgery tooth extractions to avoid complications that accompany tooth surgery. In most cases, dentists use an x-ray in the evaluation of the affected tooth before initiation of the surgical procedure initiated.
The standard procedure followed during the extraction include;
- Administration of a local anesthetic agent to make the affected area numb
- Application of pressure on gum around the tooth to widen the socket enabling easy removal, done using elevators or forceps
- If it is firmly held or multi-rooted, the tooth is sectioned then extracted in portions.
A gauze pad is used to stop the bleeding after the surgical procedure for about 30 minutes to allow the blood to clot.
Due to the pain the patient experiences after the extraction, they are given painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications to ease the pain. If swelling occurs, patients are advised to put ice on the external part of the affected area. Antibiotics can be given for prevention to avoid invasion of bacteria on the extracted region.
The patient should be advised to take a rest, avoid smoking or drinking of alcohol. Instead of brushing, use of warm saline water is recommended for cleaning the mouth but after 24 hours. Take soft meals such as porridge and maintain the body well hydrated.
Few complications such as experiencing excessive bleeding and redness on the extracted site after the oral surgery tooth extraction, in such situations, contact the dentist or oral surgeon